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Wendy Sandler's articles by year









  • Meir, Irit, Padden, Carol, Aronoff, Mark, & Sandler, Wendy. (2007).  Body as subjectJournal of Linguistics, 43, 531-563.

  • Sandler, Wendy. (2006). Phonology, phonetics, and the nondominant handIn L.Goldstein, D.H. Whalen & C. Best (Eds.), Papers in laboratory phonology: Varieties of phonological competence (pp. 185-212). Berlin: Mouton-de Gruyter.

  • Aronoff, Mark, Meir, Irit & Sandler, Wendy. (2005). The paradox of sign language morphologyLanguage, 81 (2), 301-344.

  • Sandler, Wendy & Lillo-Martin, Diane. (2005). Sign language. In W. OGrady, J. Archibald, M. Aronoff & J. Rees-Miller (Eds), Contemporary linguistics: An introduction. Fifth Edition (pp. 343-360). Boston/New York: Bedford St. Martins.

  • Sandler, Wendy, Meir, Irit, Padden, Carol & Aronoff, Mark. (2005). The emergence of grammar: Systematic structure in a new languageProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102 (7), 2661-2665.

  • Sandler, Wendy. (2005). Prosodic constituency and intonation in sign language. Linguistische Berichte, 13, 59-86.

  • Sandler, Wendy. (2005). An overview of sign language linguistics. In K. Brown (Ed.), Encyclopedia of language and linguistics, Vol 11, 2d Edition (pp. 328-338). Oxford, UK: Elsevier.

  • Aronoff, Mark, Padden, Carol, Meir, Irit & Sandler, Wendy. (2004). Morphological universals and the sign language typeIn G. Booij & J. van Marle (Eds.), Yearbook of morphology 2004 (pp.19-40). Dordrecht / Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.


  • Sandler, Wendy. (2003). On the complementarity of signed and spoken languagesIn Y. Levy & J. Schaeffer (Eds.), Language competence across populations: Towards a definition of SLI (pp. 383-409). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc.
  • Aronoff, Mark, Meir, Irit, Padden, Carol & Sandler, Wendy. (2003). Classifier complexes and morphology in two sign languagesIn K. Emmorey (Ed.), Perspectives on classifiers in signed languages (pp. 53-84). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc.

  • Sandler, Wendy. (2003). Sign language: Phonology. In W. Frawley (Ed.), The Oxford international encyclopedia of linguistics, second edition, volume 4 (pp. 57-60). Oxford : Oxford University Press.

  • Sandler, Wendy & Lillo-Martin, Diane. (2001). Natural sign language. In M. Aronoff & J. Rees-Miller (Eds.), Blackwell handbook of linguistics (pp. 533-562). Oxford: Blackwell.

  • Sandler, Wendy. (2000). One phonology or two? Sign language and phonological theory. In L. Cheng & R. Sybesma (Eds.), The GLOT international state-of-the-article book (pp. 349-384). The Hague: Holland Academie Graphics.

  • Aronoff, Mark, Meir, Irit & Sandler, Wendy. (2000). Universal and particular aspects of sign language morphology. University of Maryland WPL, 10, 1-33.


  • Nespor, Marina & Sandler, Wendy. (1999). Prosodic phonology in Israeli Sign LanguageLanguage and Speech, 42(2&3), 143-176.

  • Sandler, Wendy. (1999). Prosody in two natural language modalities. Language and Speech, 42(2&3), 127-142.

  • Sandler, Wendy. (1999). The medium and the message: Prosodic interpretation of linguistic content in sign languageSign Language and Linguistics, 2(2), 187-216.

  • Sandler, Wendy. (1999). Cliticization and prosodic words in a sign languageIn T. Hall & U. Kleinhenz (Eds.), Studies on the phonological word (Current studies in linguistic theory) (pp. 223-255). Amsterdam: Benjamins.

  • Sandler, Wendy. (1996). Representing handshapes. International Review of Sign Linguistics, 115-158.

  • Sandler, Wendy. (1996). Phonological features and feature classes: The case of movements in sign language. Lingua, 98(1-3), 197-220.

  • Sandler, Wendy. (1996). Establishing Evidence for Major Phonological Categories: The Case for Movements in Sign Language, Lingua, 98, 197-220.

  • Sandler, Wendy. (1995). Markedness in the handshapes of signs: A componential analysis. In J. van der Weijer & H. van der Hulst (Eds.), Leiden in last: Holland institute of linguistics phonology papers (pp. 369-399). The Hague: HollandAcademie Graphics.


  • Sandler, Wendy. (1994). One phonology or two? Sign language and phonological theory, GLOT International Journal of Linguistics ("state of the article"). 3-8.

  • Sandler, Wendy. (1994). Phonological characteristics of sign languages: Similarities and differences. Trondheim Working Papers in Linguistics, 23, 18-37.

  • Van der Hulst, Harry & Sandler, Wendy. (1994). Phonological theories meet sign language: Two theories of the two hands. Toronto Working Papers in Linguistics, 13(1), 43-73.

  • Sandler, Wendy. (1993). Sign Language and Modularity, Lingua, 89 (4), 315-351.

  • Sandler, Wendy. (1993). Linearization of phonological tiers in ASL. In G. Coulter (Ed.), Current Issues in ASL phonology, phonetics and phonology Volume 3 (pp. 103-129). San Diego: Academic Press. 

  • Sandler, Wendy. (1993). A sonority cycle in American Sign LanguagePhonology, 10(2), 209-241.

  • Sandler, Wendy. (1993). Hand in hand: The roles of the nondominant hand in sign language phonology. The Linguistic Review, 10, 337-390.

  • Corina, David & Sandler, Wendy. (1993). On the nature of phonological structure in sign language. Phonology 10(2), 165-207. 3.


  • Sandler, Wendy. (1991). On the organization of natural feature classes in American Sign Language. In B. Palek (Ed.), Proceedings of LP '90 (pp. 555-567). Prague: Charles University Press.

  • Sandler, Wendy. (1990). Temporal aspects and ASL phonology. In S. Fischer & P. Siple (Eds.), Theoretical issues in sign language research.Volume I: Linguistics (pp. 7-36). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

  • Sandler, Wendy. (1987). Assimilation and feature hierarchy ASL. In A. Bosch, B. Need & E. Schiller (Eds.), Chicago Linguistics Society Parasession on Autosegmental Phonology, 266-278.

  • Sandler, Wendy. (1986). The spreading hand autosegment of American Sign Language. Sign Language Studies, 50,1-28. ntal Phonology, 266-278.