Wendy Sandler’s articles by year


  • Stamp, Rose, Dachkovsky, Svetlana, & Sandler, Wendy (2020). Time will tell: Time and discourse as ‘motion through space’ in early Israeli Sign Language (ISL), In R. Pfau, A. Göksel & J. Hosemann (eds.), Our Lives – Our Stories.  Life Experiences of Elderly Deaf People. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.
  • Meir, Irit, & Sandler, Wendy. (2020).  Variation and conventionalization in young sign languages.  In Doron, E., Malka Rappaport Hovav, M., Reshef, Y., and Taube, M. (eds.). Linguistic Contact, Continuity and Change in the Genesis of Modern Hebrew. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.  337-363.






  • Meir, Irit, Padden, Carol, Aronoff, Mark, & Sandler, Wendy. (2007).  Body as subjectJournal of Linguistics, 43, 531-563.
  • Sandler, Wendy. (2006). Phonology, phonetics, and the nondominant handIn L.Goldstein, D.H. Whalen & C. Best (Eds.), Papers in laboratory phonology: Varieties of phonological competence (pp. 185-212). Berlin: Mouton-de Gruyter.
  • Aronoff, Mark, Meir, Irit & Sandler, Wendy. (2005). The paradox of sign language morphologyLanguage, 81 (2), 301-344.
  • Sandler, Wendy & Lillo-Martin, Diane. (2005). Sign language. In W. OGrady, J. Archibald, M. Aronoff & J. Rees-Miller (Eds), Contemporary linguistics: An introduction. Fifth Edition (pp. 343-360). Boston/New York: Bedford St. Martins.
  • Sandler, Wendy, Meir, Irit, Padden, Carol & Aronoff, Mark. (2005). The emergence of grammar: Systematic structure in a new languageProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102 (7), 2661-2665.
  • Sandler, Wendy. (2005). Prosodic constituency and intonation in sign language. Linguistische Berichte, 13, 59-86.
  • Sandler, Wendy. (2005). An overview of sign language linguistics. In K. Brown (Ed.), Encyclopedia of language and linguistics, Vol 11, 2d Edition (pp. 328-338). Oxford, UK: Elsevier.
  • Aronoff, Mark, Padden, Carol, Meir, Irit & Sandler, Wendy. (2004). Morphological universals and the sign language typeIn G. Booij & J. van Marle (Eds.), Yearbook of morphology 2004 (pp.19-40). Dordrecht / Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.


  • Sandler, Wendy. (2003). On the complementarity of signed and spoken languagesIn Y. Levy & J. Schaeffer (Eds.), Language competence across populations: Towards a definition of SLI (pp. 383-409). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc.
  • Aronoff, Mark, Meir, Irit, Padden, Carol & Sandler, Wendy. (2003). Classifier complexes and morphology in two sign languagesIn K. Emmorey (Ed.), Perspectives on classifiers in signed languages (pp. 53-84). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc.
  • Sandler, Wendy. (2003). Sign language: Phonology. In W. Frawley (Ed.), The Oxford international encyclopedia of linguistics, second edition, volume 4 (pp. 57-60). Oxford : Oxford University Press.
  • Sandler, Wendy & Lillo-Martin, Diane. (2001). Natural sign language. In M. Aronoff & J. Rees-Miller (Eds.), Blackwell handbook of linguistics (pp. 533-562). Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Sandler, Wendy. (2000). One phonology or two? Sign language and phonological theory. In L. Cheng & R. Sybesma (Eds.), The GLOT international state-of-the-article book (pp. 349-384). The Hague: Holland Academie Graphics.
  • Aronoff, Mark, Meir, Irit & Sandler, Wendy. (2000). Universal and particular aspects of sign language morphology. University of Maryland WPL, 10, 1-33.


  • Nespor, Marina & Sandler, Wendy. (1999). Prosodic phonology in Israeli Sign LanguageLanguage and Speech, 42(2&3), 143-176.
  • Sandler, Wendy. (1999). Prosody in two natural language modalities. Language and Speech, 42(2&3), 127-142.
  • Sandler, Wendy. (1999). The medium and the message: Prosodic interpretation of linguistic content in sign languageSign Language and Linguistics, 2(2), 187-216.
  • Sandler, Wendy. (1999). Cliticization and prosodic words in a sign languageIn T. Hall & U. Kleinhenz (Eds.), Studies on the phonological word (Current studies in linguistic theory) (pp. 223-255). Amsterdam: Benjamins.
  • Sandler, Wendy. (1996). Representing handshapes. International Review of Sign Linguistics, 115-158.
  • Sandler, Wendy. (1996). Phonological features and feature classes: The case of movements in sign language. Lingua, 98(1-3), 197-220.
  • Sandler, Wendy. (1995). Markedness in the handshapes of signs: A componential analysis. In J. van der Weijer & H. van der Hulst (Eds.), Leiden in last: Holland institute of linguistics phonology papers (pp. 369-399). The Hague: HollandAcademie Graphics.


  • Sandler, Wendy. (1994). One phonology or two? Sign language and phonological theory, GLOT International Journal of Linguistics (“state of the article”). 3-8.
  • Sandler, Wendy. (1994). Phonological characteristics of sign languages: Similarities and differences. Trondheim Working Papers in Linguistics, 23, 18-37.
  • Van der Hulst, Harry & Sandler, Wendy. (1994). Phonological theories meet sign language: Two theories of the two hands. Toronto Working Papers in Linguistics, 13(1), 43-73.
  • Sandler, Wendy. (1993). Sign Language and Modularity, Lingua, 89 (4), 315-351.
  • Sandler, Wendy. (1993). Linearization of phonological tiers in ASL. In G. Coulter (Ed.), Current Issues in ASL phonology, phonetics and phonology Volume 3 (pp. 103-129). San Diego: Academic Press. 
  • Sandler, Wendy. (1993). A sonority cycle in American Sign LanguagePhonology, 10(2), 209-241.
  • Sandler, Wendy. (1993). Hand in hand: The roles of the nondominant hand in sign language phonology. The Linguistic Review, 10, 337-390.
  • Corina, David & Sandler, Wendy. (1993). On the nature of phonological structure in sign language. Phonology 10(2), 165-207. 3.


  • Sandler, Wendy. (1991). On the organization of natural feature classes in American Sign Language. In B. Palek (Ed.), Proceedings of LP ’90 (pp. 555-567). Prague: Charles University Press.
  • Sandler, Wendy. (1990). Temporal aspects and ASL phonology. In S. Fischer & P. Siple (Eds.), Theoretical issues in sign language research.Volume I: Linguistics (pp. 7-36). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Sandler, Wendy. (1987). Assimilation and feature hierarchy in ASL. In A. Bosch, B. Need & E. Schiller (Eds.), Chicago Linguistics Society Parasession on Autosegmental Phonology, 266-278.
  • Sandler, Wendy. (1986). The spreading hand autosegment of American Sign Language. Sign Language Studies, 50,1-28. ntal Phonology, 266-278.